The Meaning of Flowers

Acacia – Chaste Love
Acacia (pink) – Elegance
Acacia (rose) – Friendship, platonic love
Acacia (yellow) – secret love
Acanthus – Artifice, the fine arts
Almond (flowering) – Hope
Almond tree – Indescretion
Alyssum (sweet) – Worth beyond beauty
Amaranth – Immortality
Amaranth (globe) – Unfading love
Amaryllis – Pride, splendid beauty, timidity
Ambrosia – Love returned
Amethyst – Admiration
Anemone – Expectation, sickness
Anemone (garden) – Forsaken
Angelica – Inspiration
Apple – Temptation
Apple blossom – preference
Ash tree – Grandeur
Ash (mountain) – Prudence
Aspen tree – Lamentation
Aster – Variety
Auricula – Importune me not
Auricula (scarlet) – Avarice
Azalea – Temperance; love; romance

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Baby’s breath posies – Gentleness, everylasting love
Bachelor’s buttons – Single blessedness
Balm – Sympathy
Balm of Gilead – Cure
Balsam – Ardent love
Balsam (red) – Impatient yet resolved to win your love
Balsam (yellow) – Impatience
Barberry – Sharpness
Bay tree – Glory
Bay wreath – Reward of merit
Beech tree – Prosperity
Begonia – Dark thoughts
Bell flower – Gratitude
Belladonna – Silence
Bindweed (Great) – Insinuation
Bindweed (Small) – Humility
Birch Tree – Gracefulness, meekness
Bittersweet – Truth
Bluebell – Constancy
Borage – Bluntness
Box Tree – Stoicism
Bramble – Envy, lowliness, remorse
Broom – Humility, neatness
Buttercup – Childishness, ingratitude

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Cabbage – Gain
Camellia – Steadfast love
Camellia Japonica – Unpretending excellence
Camellia Japonica (white) – Perfected loveliness
Campanula – Gratitude
Canary grass – Perseverence
Candytuft – Indifference
Canterbury Bell – Acknowledgement
Caraway – Betrayal
Cardinal flower – Distinction
Carnation – Fascination, burning love, woman’s love
Carnation (red) – Alas, my poor heart
Carnation (striped) – Refusal
Carnation (yellow) – Distain
Cedar – Strength
Cedar leaf – I live for thee
Cedar of Lebanon – Incorruptible
Celadine – Joys to come
Cherry (white) – Deception
Cherry blossom – Spiritual beauty
Cherry tree – Education
Chervil (garden) – Sincerity
Chestnut tree (sweet) – Do me justice
Chickweed – Rendezvous
Chrysanthemum (red) – I love
Chrysanthemum (white) – Truth
Chrysanthemum (yellow) – Slighted love
Cinquefoil – Maternal affection
Clematis – Mental beauty
Clematis (evergreen) – Poverty
Clover (four-leaved) – Be mine
Clover (white) – Think of me
Cloves – Dignity
Cockscomb – Singularity
Coltsfoot – Justice shall be done to you
Columbine – Folly
Columbine (purple) – Resolution
Columbine (red) – Anxious; trembling
Convolvulus – Uncertainty; bonds
Convolvulus (Major) – Extinguished hopes
Convolvulus (Minor) – Night
Coreopsis – Always cheerful
Corn – Riches
Cornflower – Delicacy
Cowslip – Pensiveness, winning grace
Cowslip (American) – Divine beauty
Cranberry – Cure for headache
Crane’s Bill – envy
Crocus (spring) – youthful gladness
Currant – They frown will kill me
Currants (branch of) – You please all
Cyclamen – Diffidence
Cypress – Death, despair, melancholy, mourning

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Daffodil – Regard
Daffodil (yellow) – Chivalry
Dahlia – Good taste, instability
Daisy – Innocence
Daisy (Michaelmas) – Afterthought)
Daisy (Ox-eye) – A token
Daisy (Parti-Colored) – Beauty
Daisy (red) – unconscious
Daisy (white) – Innocence
Dandelion – Love’s oracle, rustic oracle
Dittany (white) – Passion
Dock – Patience
Dogsbane – Deceit
Dogwood – Durability

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Eglantine – Poetry
Elder – Zealousness
Eupatorium – Delay
Everlasting pea – Appointed meeting

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Fennel – Strength
Fern – Sincerity
Fern (flowering) – Reverie
Fig – Argument, longevity
Filbert – Reconciliation
Fir (Scotch) – Elevation
Flax – Fate, I feel your kindness
Fleur-de-Lis – Flame
Fleur-de-Luce – Fire
Flytrap – Deceit
Forget-Me-Not – True love; fond remembrance; forget-me-not
French honeysuckle – Rustic beauty
Fuchsia (scarlet) – Taste

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Gardenia – A secret love
Gentian – You are unjust
Geranium – Expected meeting
Geranium (dark) – Melancholy
Geranium (ivy) – I engage you for the next dance
Geranium (lemon) – Unexpected meeting
Geranium (oak-leaved) – True friendship
Geranium (pencil-leaved) – Ingenuity
Geranium (rose-scented) – Preference
Geranium (scarlet) – comforting
Geranium (silver-leaved) – Recall
Geranium (wild) – Steadfast piety
Gillyflower – Lasting and/or unfading beauty; bonds of affection
Gladiola – Strong character
Gloxinia – A proud spirit
Golden rod – Precaution
Gooseberry – Anticipation
Gorse – Enduring affection
Gourd – Extent

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Harebell – Grief
Hawthorne – Hope
Hazel – Reconciliation
Helenium – Tears
Heliotrope – Devotion; faithfulness
Hemp – Fate
Hibiscus – Delicate beauty
Holly – Am I forgotten?; foresight
Holly herb – Enchantment
Hollyhock – Ambition; fecundity
Hollyhock (white) – Female ambition
Honesty – Fascination; honesty
Honey flower – Sweet and secret love
Honeysuckle – Devoted affection
Honeysuckle (coral) – Color of my life and/or fate
Honeysuckle (french) – Rustic beauty
Honeysuckle (monthly) – I will not answer hastily
Honeysuckle (wild) – Inconstancy in love
Hop – Injustice
Hornbeam tree – Ornament
Hyacinth – Game, play
Hydrangea – Heartlessness; boastfulness
Hyssop – Cleanliness

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Iceland Moss – Health
Ice Plant – Your looks will freeze me
Imperial (crown) – Majesty
Iris – Message for you; flame; my compliments
Iris (yellow) – Passion
Ivy – Fidelity; assiduous to please; marriage

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Jacob’s ladder – Come down
Jasmine (cape) – I am too happy; transport of joy
Jasmine (Indian) – Attachment
Jasmine (Spanish) – Sensuality
Jasmine (white) – Amiability
Jasmine (yellow) – Grace; elegance
Jonquil – Desiring a return of affection
Judas tree – Unbelief

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At this moment, there are no “K” flowers

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Laburnum – Pensive beauty; forsaken
Lady’s mantle – Fashion
Lady’s slipper – Capricious beauty; win me and wear me
Lantana – Rigor
Larkspur – Lightness; levity
Larkspur (pink) – Fickleness
Larkspur (purple) – Haughtiness
Laurel – Glory
Laurel (mountain) – Ambition
Laurestina – Distrust
Lemon – Zest
Lemon blossom – Discretion, fidelity in love
Lichen – Dejection
Lilac (field) – Humility
Lilac (purple) – Love’s first emotion
Lilac (white) – Youthful innocence; modesty; purity
Lilac Polyanthus – Confidence
Lily (Arum) – Ardor
Lily (Imperial) – Majesty
Lily (white) – Sweetness; modesty; purity
Lily (yellow) – Falsehood; gaiety
Lily of the Valley – Return to happiness; Let’s forgive and be happy again
Lime – Conjugal love
Liquorice – I declare against you
Lobelia – Malevolence
Lotus flower – Estranged love
Love-in-a-mist – Perplexity
Love-Lies-Bleeding – Hopeless but not heartless
Lucerne – Life
Lupine – Voraciousness, imagination

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Maidenhair – Discretion
Magnolia – Love of nature
Magnolia (laurel-leaved) – Dignity
Magnolia (swamp) – perseverance
Maple – Reserve
Marigold – Grief; despair; melancholy
Marigold (African) – Vulgar-minded
Marigold (French)- Jealousy
Marigold (prophetic)- Prediction
Marjoram – Blushing
Meadowsweet – Uselessness
Mercury – Goodness
Mignonette – You qualities surpass your charms
Mimosa – Sensitiveness
Mistletoe – I surmount difficulties
Mock Orange – Counterfeit
Morning Glory – Affection
Moss – Maternal love
Mossy saxifrage – Affection
Motherwort – Concealed love
Mugwort – Happiness
Mulberry (black) – I will not survive you
Mulberry (white) – Wisdom
Mushroom – Suspicion
Myrrh – Gladness
Myrtle – Love

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Narcissus – Egotism
Narcissus (poet’s) – self esteem
Nasturtium – Patriotism
Nettle (stinging) – Slander
Nosegay – Gallantry

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Oak Leaves – Bravery
Oak tree – Hospitality
Oak tree (white) – Independence
Oats – Music
Oleander – Beware
Olive Branch – Peace
Orange tree – Generosity
Orange blossoms – Your purity equals your loveliness
Orchid – A beauty
Orchid (butterfly) – gaiety
Ox eye – Patience

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Palm – Victory
Pansy – Thinking good thoughts of you
Parsley – Festivity; feasting; useful knowledge
Parsley (fool’s) – Silliness
Passionflower – Belief; religious superstition; susceptibility
Pea (everlasting) – Lasting pleasure; an appointed meeting
Pea (sweet) – Lasting pleasure; departure
Peach – Your qualities, like your charms, are unequaled
Peach blossom – I am your captive
Pear blossom – I am your captive
Pear (prickly) – Satire
Peony – Bashfulness; shame
Periwinkle (blue) – Early friendship
Periwinkle (white) – Pleasant recollections
Persicaria – Restoration
Petunia – Don’t despair
Phlox – Unanimity
Pimpernel – Assignation; change
Pine – Pity
Pine (spruce) – Hope in adversity
Pineapple – Welcome
Pink – Boldness
Pink (Carnation) – Woman’s love
Pink (double red) – Pure and ardent love
Pink (Indian double) – Always lovely
Pink (Indian single) – Aversion
Pink (single red)- Pure love
Pink (variegated) – Refusal
Pink (white) – Talent
Plane tree – Genius
Plum tree – Keep your promises
Plum tree (wild) – Independence
Polyanthus – Pride of riches
Polyanthus (crimson) – The heart’s mystery
Pomegranate – Foolishness
Pomegranate flower – Mature elegance
Poplar (white) – time
Poppy – Evanescent pleasure
Poppy (red) – consolation
Poppy (scarlet) – Fantastic extravagance
Poppy (white) – Sleep
Primrose – Early youth
Primrose (evening) – Inconstancy
Primula – Diffidence

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Quince – Temptation

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Ranunculus – You are radiant with charms
Ranunculus (wild) – Ingratitude
Raspberry – Remorse
Reeds – Music
Rhododendron – Danger
Rhubarb – Advice
Robin (ragged) – Wit
Rocket – Rivalry
Rose – Love
Rose (Austrian) – Thou art all that is lovely
Rose (bridal) – Happy love
Rose (burgundy) – Unconscious beauty
Rose (cabbage) – Ambassador of love
Rose (campion) – Only deserve my love
Rose (Carolina) – Love is dangerous
Rose (china) – Beauty is always new
Rose (christmas) – Please relieve my anxiety
Rose (coral) – Admiration for your accomplishments and talents
Rose (daily) – I aspire to your smile
Rose (damask) – Brilliant complexion; freshness
Rose (deep red) – Bashful shame
Rose (dog) – Pleasure and pain
Rose (Guelder) – Age; winter
Rose (Lavender) – Pure love
Rose (May) – Precocity
Rose (Multiflora) – Grace
Rose (Mundi) – Variety
Rose (Musk) – Capricious beauty
Rose (Pink) – Friendship; graceful beauty
Rose (Pompom) – Prettiness
Rose (Provence) – My heart is in flames
Rose (Red) – Passion; beauty
Rose (Red-leaved) – Beauty and prosperity
Rose (Red and white together) – Unity
Rose (thornless) – Early attachment
Rose (Unique) – Call me not beautiful
Rose (White) – Purity; the giver is worthy of your love
Rose (Withered white) – Transient impressions
Rose (Yellow) – Jealousy; decrease in love
Rose (York) – War
Rosebud (Moss) – Confession of love
Rosebud (Red) – Pure and lovely; You are young and beautiful
Rosebud (White) – A heart ignorant of love; girlhood
Roses (Garland of) – Reward of virtue
Rue – Disdain

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Salvia (Blue) – I think of you
Salvia (Red) Forever thine
Scabious – Unfortunate love
Scabious (sweet) – Widowhood
Scilla (Blue) – Forgive and forget
Snapdragon – No; presumption
Snowdrop – Hope
Southernwood – Bantering; jest
Speedwell – Female fidelity
Spiked Willow Herb – Pretension
Spiderwort – Esteem (without love)
Starwort (American) – Cheerfulness in old age
Stephanotis – You can boast too much
Stock – Lasting beauty
Stock (Ten-week) – Promptness
Stonecrop – Tranquility
Straw – Agreement
Straw (broken) – Rupture of a contract
Strawberry – Perfect elegance
Strawberry tree – Esteem (with love)
Sunflower (dwarf) – Adoration
Sunflower (Tall) – Haughtiness
Swallow-Wort – Cure for headache
Sweetbrier (American) – Simplicity
Sweetbrier (yellow) – Decrease of love
Sweet Flag – Fitness
Sweet William – Gallantry; a smile; finesse
Sycamore – Curiosity
Syringa – Memory
Syringa (Carolina) – Disappointment

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Tamarisk – Crime
Tendrils of Climbing Plants – Ties
Thistle (Scotch) – Retaliation
Thorn Apple – Deceitful Charms
Thorns (branch of) – Severity
Thrift – Sympathy
Toothwort – Secret love
Traveler’s Joy – Safety
Tree of Love – Old age
Trefoil (Birdsfoot) – Revenge
Trillium Pictum – Modest beauty
Truffle – Surprise
Trumpet flower – fame
Tuberose – Dangerous pleasures
Tulip – Fame
Tulip (Red) – Declaration of love
Tulip (Variegated) – Beautiful eyes
Tulip (Yellow) – Hopeless love
Turnip – Charity

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At this time, there are no “U” flowers

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Veronica – Fidelity
Vetch – Shyness
Violet (Blue) – Faithfulness; love
Violet (Dame) – Watchfulness
Violet (Purple) – You occupy my thoughts
Violet (White) – Innocence; modesty
Violet (Wild) – Live in idleness
Violet (Yellow) – Rural happiness
Virgin’s Bower – Filial love

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Wallflower – Fidelity in adversity
Wheat – Prosperity
Willow (Creeping) – Forsaken love
Willow (Water) – Freedom
Willow (Weeping) – Mourning
Wisteria – Welcome
Woodbine – Fraternal love
Wormwood – Absence

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At this time, there are no “X” flowers

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Yew – Sadness

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Zephyr Flower – Sickness
Zinnia – Thoughts of an absent friend

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